Rough Diplomacy


Salerno story

Salerno story In September 1943, 191 soldiers of Montgomery’s 8th Army downed guns and refused to take part in the battle for Salerno in southern Italy. It was the biggest wartime mutiny in British military history. The mutineers were all members of the Tyne Tees (50th)and Highland (51st) Divisions. Prior to the mutiny all bar…

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Docendo Discimus

Docendo Dicimus is latin for ” by teaching , we learn “.Perhaps derived from Seneca the Younger (c. 4 BC – 65 AD), who says in his Letters to Lucilius, Book I, letter 7, section 8: Homines dum docent discunt. “Men learn while they teach” and during WWII there was a ton of such effort…

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Spies, Lies and Double Agents :Duquesne Spy Ring

The Duquesne Spy Ring is the largest espionage case in United States history that ended in convictions. The day after Hitler declared war on the United States on Dec. 11, 1941, a Brooklyn jury returned convictions on a viperous nest of Nazi spies brought to justice by a humble but…

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 Fiorello La Guardia : Ultimate American

Fiorello Henry La Guardia  Mayor of New York City  from 1934 to 1945. Previously he had been elected to Congress in 1916 and 1918, and again from 1922 through 1930.  history.Fiorello H. La Guardia. Prior to becoming New York’s pre-eminent mayor, La Guardia was a distinguished U.S. congressman (1916-18) and…

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Fiorello LaGuardia: Revenge Politics

In November 1936, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt responded to a resolution of Congress and invited nations of the world to participate in the New York World’s Fair. Soon after, Fair President Grover Whalen began traveling across the world gathering commitments from an unprecedented number of foreign governments. The negotiation with…

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The Lost Generation

Lost Generation, a group of American writers who came of age during World War I and established their literary reputations in the 1920s. The term is also used more generally to refer to the post-World War I generation. The generation was “lost” in the sense that its inherited values were no…

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