Rough Diplomacy

warfare

Faking it: Ancient Counterfeiters:Viking Swords

The Vikings had every advantage that one could think of in combat. Their ships were some of the fastest on the oceans. Their weapons were some of the finest in the world, and their culture provided the perfect background for fine warriors. It’s no wonder that they conquered so much…

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The Celtic War Queen Who Challenged Rome

Boudica slaughtered a Roman army. She torched Londinium, leaving a charred layer almost half a meter thick that can still be traced under modern London. According to the Roman historian Cornelius Tacitus, her army killed as many as 70,000 civilians in Londinium, Verulamium and Camulodunum, rushing ‘to cut throats, hang,…

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A Celtic Queen and Caractacus British leaders

Britain was a thorn in the side for Rome, requiring a disproportionate number of troops and proving a huge struggle to properly subdue. Author Mary Beard, compares the wars in Britian as Rome’s Afghanistan. However, it wasn’t fully conquered until only about  40 years after the initial invasion, when Agricola…

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A Celtic Queen’s Last Battle

Emperor Claudius was poisoned in 54, and Nero succeeded him. Perhaps to deflect the suspicion that he had been involved in his uncle’s murder, Nero elevated Claudius to the status of a god and ordered a temple to him built at Camulodunum. Now the British chieftains would be obliged not…

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Operation Gladio (Italian: Operazione Gladio)

Operation Gladio (Italian: Operazione Gladio) is the codename for a clandestine North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) “stay-behind” operation in Italy during the Cold War. Its purpose was to prepare for, and implement, armed resistance in the event of a Warsaw Pact invasion and conquest. Although Gladio specifically refers to the Italian…

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