Rough Diplomacy


Salerno story

Salerno story In September 1943, 191 soldiers of Montgomery’s 8th Army downed guns and refused to take part in the battle for Salerno in southern Italy. It was the biggest wartime mutiny in British military history. The mutineers were all members of the Tyne Tees (50th)and Highland (51st) Divisions. Prior to the mutiny all bar…

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The Calcio Storico, The Most Brutal Sport on Earth

The Calcio Storico – ‘historic football’ – is an ancient form of football from the 16th century, which originated from the ancient roman ‘harpastum’, and is played in teams of 27, using both feet and hands. Sucker-punches and kicks to the head are prohibited but headbutting, punching, elbowing, and choking…

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Docendo Discimus

Docendo Dicimus is latin for ” by teaching , we learn “.Perhaps derived from Seneca the Younger (c. 4 BC – 65 AD), who says in his Letters to Lucilius, Book I, letter 7, section 8: Homines dum docent discunt. “Men learn while they teach” and during WWII there was a ton of such effort…

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Operation Gladio (Italian: Operazione Gladio)

Operation Gladio (Italian: Operazione Gladio) is the codename for a clandestine North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) “stay-behind” operation in Italy during the Cold War. Its purpose was to prepare for, and implement, armed resistance in the event of a Warsaw Pact invasion and conquest. Although Gladio specifically refers to the Italian…

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Venetian Patent System

PROPER INTERPRETATION THE VENETIAN PATENT ACT OF 1474 Ted Sichelman* & Toni Veneri** ABSTRACT Scholars have widely and consistently contended that the Venetian Republic adopted the first “formal” patent system in its Patent Act of 1474. Based upon an extensive examination of archival material from the State Archives of Venice,…

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When Pink Floyd Brought Down Venice’s Government

Since its birth, rock music has been seen as a revolutionary force and an agent of social change. But Pink Floyd’s show in Venice, Italy, on July 15, 1989, unintentionally resulted in the mayor and the entire city council resigning in the aftermath of their performance. According to The Washington…

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Venetian Façade

  Giancarlo Galan, the man who said “I am Veneto”, the unchallenged Doge of Venice, the governor who for three decades has made  good and  bad weather from the Dolomites to the Adriatic, is now no longer anyone – politically speaking. The Council of Deputies has voted overwhelmingly, 388 votes in…

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