Rough Diplomacy


Revolutionary Colors

When there is a revolution a name or image is usually added to the movement to distinguish the characteristics of change. The White Revolution (  انقلابسفید‎‎ Enqelāb-e Sefid) In the 1960s and ’70s the shah sought to develop a more independent foreign policy and establish working relationships with the Soviet Union and Eastern European nations. …

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Remote Control: Stuxnet

    Stuxnet is a malicious cyberweapon believed to be a jointly built American-Israeli, although no organization or state has officially admitted responsibility. Anonymous US officials speaking to The Washington Post claimed the worm was developed  to sabotage Iran’s nuclear program with what would seem like a long series of…

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Parthian shot

The Parthian shot was a military tactic made famous in the West by the Parthians, an ancient Iranian people. The Parthian archers, mounted on light horse while retreating at a full gallop, would turn their bodies back to shoot at the pursuing enemy. The maneuver required superb equestrian skills, since…

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Iran’s Green Revolution

The Green Revolution of Iran refers to the Iranian uprising that began on June 12, 2009, after Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was announced the winner of contested presidential elections. Though the open resistance of this popular movement has been suppressed, it remains as a constituency embedded in Iran, which political process is hybrid of…

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